Once a Portuguese colony, Mozambique achieved independence in 1975 following a 12 year struggle by FRELIMO (and a military coup). Under the Marxist, single-party FRELIMO government, Mozambique was embroiled in a 16 year civil war with the opposition party RENAMO, who were originally sponsored by the white Rhodesian government and then the South African apartheid government. A peace deal was signed between the two parties in 1992, and multi-party elections held in 1994.Image

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